Tuesday, September 8, 2015

Basic Medical Abbrivation list - General terms, Prescription, Care, Diagnosis & conditions, Body description

Tags : Human list of  Medical abbrivation, Neurology - Brain, Cardiology - Heart, Eye - Ophthalmology, Ear - Otology, Nose - Nasopharngolarngology, Blood - Hematology, Skeleton - Bones, Muscle,  Kidney - Urology, Endocrine system - glands and male and female reproductive system. Basic Medical Abbrivation list - General terms, Prescription, Care, Diagnosis & conditions, Body description.



The healthcare field is full of technical terminology, including a number of medical abbreviations that are used to complete patient charts, write prescriptions, and communicate general needs and bill for services. Understanding the most common medical abbreviations can help you take control of your healthcare needs.



Medical Abbreviation List

General Terms
  • AA - amino acid
  • ABG - arterial blood gas
  • ADM - admission, admitted
  • ASAP - as soon as possible
  • ALS - advanced life support
  • AMA - against medical advice, American Medical Association
  • ASAP - as soon as possible
  • A&W - alive and well
  • C - centigrade, celsius
  • CC - cubic centimeter, chief complaint, critical care, complications, carbon copy
  • C/O - complains of
  • CO2 - carbon dioxide
  • D/C - discontinue or discharge
  • DNR - do not resuscitate
  • DO - disorder
  • DOA - dead on arrival  or date of admission
  • DOB - date of birth
  • DOT - directly observed therapy
  • DSM - Diagnostic and Statistical Manual on Mental Disorders
  • EDC - estimated date of confinement
  • EDD - estimated delivery date
  • EGA - estimated gestational age
  • ER - emergency room
  • F - fahrenheit
  • FNF - finger to nose
  • H&P - history and physical examination
  • HPI - history of present illness
  • H/O - history of
  • HR - heart rate or hour
  • HS - hour of sleep (bedtime)
  • ICU - intensive care unit
  • ID - infectious diseases
  • IP - inpatient
  • IQ - intelligence quotient
  • IU - international units
  • MCO - managed care organization
  • MG - milligram
  • MVA - motor vehicle accident
  • ML - milliliter
  • NKDA - no known drug allergies
  • NTG - nitroglycerin
  • O2 - oxygen
  • OPD - outpatient department
  • P - pulse
  • Post-op - postoperative (after surgery)
  • Pre-op - preoperative (before surgery)
  • PA or PT - patient
  • PCP - primary care physician
  • RBC - red blood cell
  • RF - risk factor
  • S - without
  • SX - symptoms
  • S/S - signs and symptoms
  • STAT - immediately
  • T - temperature
  • TPR - temperature, pulse, respiration
  • USOH - usual state of health
  • VS - vital signs
  • VSS - vital signs stable
  • WB - whole blood
  • WBC - white blood cell
  • WNL - within normal limits
Prescription
  • ABX - antibiotics
  • AC - before meals
  • Ad lib - at will, as desired
  • BID - bis in dies (twice a day)
  • CAP - capsule
  • GTT - drop-liquid measurement
  • i - 1
  • ii - 2
  • iii - 3
  • iv - 4
  • v - 5
  • MDD - maximum daily dose
  • NPO - nothing by mouth
  • OCP - oral contraceptive pill
  • OPV - oral polio vaccine
  • OTC - over the counter
  • PC - after meals
  • PCN - penicillin
  • PNV - pre-natal vitamins
  • PO - per os (by mouth)
  • PRN - as needed
  • q2h - every 2 hours
  • q3h - every 3 hours
  • qam - every morning
  • qd - once a day
  • qh - once every hour
  • qhs - at bedtime
  • qid - four times a day
  • qod - every other day
  • qpm - every evening
  • RDI - recommended daily intake
  • Rx - prescription, treatment
  • SC/SQ - subcutaneous
  • TAB - tablet
  • TIW - three times a week
Care
  • AXR - abdominal x-ray
  • BAL - blood alcohol level
  • BC - birth control
  • BE - barium enema
  • BMT - bone marrow transplant
  • Bx - biopsy
  • BRP - bathroom privileges
  • CPR - cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • CXR - chest x-ray
  • ECC - emergency cardiac care
  • ECG or EKG - electrocardiogram
  • ECMO - extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
  • ECT - electroconvulsive therapy
  • ECV - external cephalic version
  • FB - foreign body
  • FNA - fine needle aspiration
  • FOBT - fecal occult blood testing
  • GLT - glucose loading test
  • GTT - glucose tolerance test
  • hs - hour of sleep (bedtime)
  • H20 - water
  • I&D - incision and drainage
  • IM - intramuscular
  • I&O - intake and output
  • IV - intravenous
  • IUPC - intrauterine pressure catheter
  • In vitro - in the laboratory
  • In vivo - in the body
  • KUB - kidney, ureter, bladder (x-ray)
  • O GTT - oral glucose tolerance test
  • PAP - pulmonary artery pressure
  • PEEP - positive end expiratory pressure
  • PT - physical therapy
  • Rx - treatment
  • T&C - type and cross (blood)
  • TPA - tissue plasminogen activator (dissolve clots), total parenteral alimentation (intravenous nutritional needs)
  • UA - urinalysis
  • US - ultrasound
  • XRT - external radiation therapy
Diagnosis or Condition
  • ADHD - attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • AF - acid-fast
  • AIDS - acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  • A&O - alert and oriented
  • AOB - alcohol on breath
  • ARDS - adult respiratory distress syndrome
  • ARF - acute renal failure, acute rheumatic fever
  • BAD - bipolar affective disorder
  • BM - bowel movement
  • BP - blood pressure
  • CA - cancer
  • CAB - carotid artery bruit
  • CABG - coronary artery bypass graft
  • CAD - coronary artery disease
  • CBC - complete blood count
  • CF - cystic fibrosis
  • C/F - chills, fever
  • CFT - complement fixation testing
  • CHD - congenital heart disease
  • CHF - congestive heart failure
  • COLD - chronic obstructive lung disease
  • COPD - chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • CP - chest pain
  • CP - cerebral palsy
  • C/S - cesarean section
  • CV - cardiovascular
  • CVA - cerebral vascular accident (stroke)
  • CXR - chest x-ray
  • DTR - deep tendon reflex
  • DVT - deep venous thrombosis
  • Dx - diagnosis
  • EBL - estimated blood loss
  • EBV - Epstein-Barr virus
  • EC - eye contact
  • ECASA - enteric coated acetylsalicylic acid
  • EGC - early gastric cancer
  • FAS - fetal alcohol syndrome
  • FB - foreign body
  • F/C - fever, chills
  • FEF - forced expiratory flow
  • FHR - fetal heart rate
  • FM - fetal movement
  • FRC - functional residual capacity
  • FSE - fetal scalp electrode
  • FSH - follicle stimulating hormone
  • FT - full term
  • FX - fracture
  • GA - gestational age
  • GH - growth hormone
  • GHRH - growth hormone releasing hormone
  • GI - gastrointestinal 
  • GLT - glucose loading test
  • GSW - gunshot wound
  • GTT - glucose tolerance test
  • GU - genitourinary
  • HA - headache
  • HA - hemolytic anemia
  • HAV - hepatitis A virus
  • HBV - hepatitis B virus
  • Hb - hemoglobin
  • HCV - hepatitis C virus
  • HDL - high density lipoprotein
  • HDV - hepatitis D virus
  • HIV - human immunodeficiency virus
  • HPA - hypothalamic suppression test
  • HR - heart rate
  • HTN - hypertension
  • IBD - inflammatory bowel disease
  • IBS - inflammatory bowel syndrome
  • ICP - intracranial pressure
  • IDDM - insulin dependent diabeter mellitus
  • IPF - idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
  • IUI - intrauterine insemination
  • IUP - intrauterine pregnancy
  • IVF - in vitro fertilization
  • IVIG - intravenous immune globulin
  • IVP - intravenous push
  • JCV - JC virus
  • JRA - juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
  • JVD - jugular venous distension
  • KS - Kaposi sarcoma
  • LAD - leukocyte adhesion deficiency
  • LBP - lower back pain
  • LBW - low birth weight
  • LIH - left inguinal hernia
  • LOF - loss of fluid
  • MD - muscular dystrophy
  • MR - mental retardation
  • MS - multiple sclerosis
  • NAD - no acute distress
  • Nat/O - birth
  • NIDDM - non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
  • NM - neuromuscular
  • N/V - nausea vomiting
  • NVD - normal vaginal delivery
  • OCD - obsessive compulsive disorder
  • ON - optic neuritis
  • OSA - obstructive sleep apnea
  • PD - Parkinson's disease
  • PE - pulmonary embolism
  • PKD - polycystic kidney disease
  • PID - pelvic inflammatory disease
  • PIH - pregnancy induced hypertension
  • PMS - premenstrual syndrom
  • PTSD - post-tramatic stress disorder
  • RA - rheumatoid arthritis
  • RAD - reactive airway disease
  • RDS - respiratory distress syndrome
  • REM - rapid eye movements
  • RHD - rheumatic heart disease
  • RXN - reaction
  • SAB - spontaneous abortion
  • SBO - small bowel obstruction
  • SBS - shaken baby syndrome
  • SOB - shortness of breath
  • STD - sexually transmitted disease
  • TAH - total abdominal hysterectomy
  • TB - tuberculosis
  • TBI - traumatic brain injury
  • TGA - transient global amnesia
  • UC - ulcerative colitis
  • UO - urine output
  • URI - upper respiratory infection
  • UTI - urinary tract infection
  • VB - vaginal bleeding
  • VBAC - vaginal birth after caesarean section
  • VF - ventricular fibrillation
  • VH - vaginal hysterectomy, hallucination
  • VIP - voluntary interruption of pregnancy
Body Description
  • ABD - abdomen
  • AD - right ear
  • AL - left ear
  • AU - both ears
  • BMD - bone mass density
  • BMI - body mass index
  • BMR - basic metabolic rate
  • CBD - common bile duct
  • CBF - cerebral blood flow
  • FL - femur length
  • FROM - free range of motion
  • HC - head circumference
  • IBW - ideal body weight
  • LLL - left lower lobe
  • LLQ - left lower quadrant
  • LUL - left upper lobe
  • LUQ - left upper quadrant
  • LV - left ventricle
  • OD - right eye
  • OS - left eye
  • OU - both eyes
  • PNS - peripheral nervous system
  • RA - right atrium
  • RUL - right upper lobe
  • RUQ - right upper quadrant
  • RV - right ventrical, residual volume
  • TLC - total lung capacity
  • UE - upper extremity
  • WT - weight

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